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ISSN : 1226-9999(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7851(Online)
Korean Journal of Environmental Biology Vol.35 No.4 pp.715-725

Evaluation of Carbon Balance for Carbon Sink/Emission with Different Treatments in Paddy Field

Gun-Yeob Kim,Jong-Sik Lee,Sun-Il Lee,Hyun-Cheol Jeong,Eun-Jung Choi,Un-sung Na


Importance of climate change and its impact on agriculture and environment has increased with the rise in the levels of Green House Gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. To slow down the speed of climate change, numerous efforts have been applied in industrial sectors to reduce GHGs emission and to enhance carbon storage. In the agricultural sector, several types of research have been performed with emphasis on GHGs emission reduction; however, only a few work has been done in understanding the role of carbon sink on reduction in GHGs emission. In this study, we investigated ecosystem carbon balance and soil carbon storage in an agricultural paddy field. The results obtained were as follows: 1) Evaluation of soil C sequestration in paddy field was average 3.88 Mg CO2 ha-1 following NPK+rice straw compost treatment, average 3.22 Mg C ha-1 following NPK+hairy vetch treatment, and average 1.97 Mg CO2 ha-1 following NPK treatment; and 2) Net ecosystem production (NEP) during the paddy growing season was average 14.01 Mg C ha-1 following NPK+hairy vetch treatment, average 12.60 Mg CO2 ha-1 following NPK+rice straw compost treatment, and average 11.31 Mg CO2 ha-1 following NPK treatment. Therefore, it is proposed that organic matter treatment can lead to an increase in soil organic carbon accumulation and carbon sock of crop ecosystem in fields compared to chemical fertilizers.

벼논에서 양분관리별 탄소의 흡수·배출에 대한 탄소수지 평가